top 10 allergens food you need to know

top 10 allergens food you need to know

Many people are aware of the top 8 food allergens, but not all are aware of the tenth. The top 10 allergens to be aware of are peanut, soy, wheat, egg white, milk, fish, crustacean shellfish, tree nuts, seeds and sesame. The first nine have been reported as being responsible for 90% of all food-allergic reactions. However allergies can change throughout a lifetime.


One of the most common cooking ingredients out there is eggs. Eggs are used for taste and texture in cooking, and they add flavor to food too. But if you have an egg allergy, all that you know about eggs can be very scary- it’s not just one variety of egg that we’re talking about here. According to the FDA, there are actually different types of eggs and all of them come with some risks.


Milk allergy is an adverse response to milk proteins, which can range from mild reactions such as hives and abdominal pain to life-threatening anaphylaxis. Milk allergies are the most common food allergy in infants and children, with around 2% of toddlers and 1% of adults having a milk protein allergy. Caseins form the curd, while whey forms the liquid. Milk is one of the most common food allergens, and for this reason it’s important to know its ingredients. Milk is made from the milk glands in the mammary glands of cows. It typically contains casein, whey, lactose and fats.


Peanuts and other food allergens can be a tricky thing to deal with. If you have a peanut allergy, it means that your body can’t handle the protein found in peanuts. The soy, wheat, and eggs you use to cook may contain these allergenic proteins. You need to know what’s in your food so that you don’t accidentally eat something that could cause an allergic reaction. When avoiding peanuts and other allergens, it’s important to read through ingredient labels carefully.


The American Medical Association, the Allergy and Asthma Foundation, and the Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology have all come to the conclusion that soy is not a common allergic trigger. In these cases, it is difficult for doctors to keep track of what foods may or may not be making your symptoms worse.


You are not alone in your struggle with wheat allergens. Wheat is one of the most common food allergens in children, affecting an estimated 3-4% of infants and young children. The symptoms can range from mild to life-threatening, but thankfully there are many treatments that have been developed over the years. If you suspect you have a wheat allergy, it is important to visit your doctor for testing so you can know what kind of treatment to expect.

6.Tree Nuts

Tree Nuts allergies are not as common as peanuts, but they do still occur. The allergens in tree nuts can cause reactions such as mouth and throat itching and mouth ulcers, and people who have tree nut allergies should avoid tree nuts at all costs. The prevalence of allergies is also high among the elderly. According to the CDC, among those over 65, it is not uncommon to experience one or more allergy symptoms.


Shellfish allergens are food substances that can provoke an allergic reaction in some people. Shellfish allergens can also cause serious and potentially fatal reactions if they come into contact with the skin. Almost any animal will generate an allergic response in a person but, for those who suffer from shellfish allergies, the allergy is to proteins found in these animals; this means that all varieties or types of shellfish provide a potential or imminent risk for an allergic reaction.


Fish allergy is a common food allergy, and has been found in about 2% of children in the US. A fish allergen is an antigen in fish that induces antibody production in susceptible individuals.

The most common fish allergens are from species such as cod, carp, grouper, tuna, salmon, and swordfish. Fish allergens are neurotoxic, and it is possible to transfer fish allergy by consuming fish-containing foods. Case reports exist of fatal anaphylactic reactions due to eating fish.

9.Raw Fruits and Vegetables

Eating a variety of raw fruits and vegetables is an important means of ensuring adequate intake of nutrients, fibers, and minerals. The benefits to health that come from the consumption of such foods are well-established. However, some might be concerned that any given fruit or vegetable may contain allergens since many people with tree nut allergies also have reactions to other types of nuts.

10.Sesame Seeds

Sesame Seeds contain a variety of allergens that can cause an allergic reaction in susceptible individuals. In one study, approximately 95% of people with a history of sesame seed allergy reacted to the skin-prick test with sesame seed extract or sesame seed flour. The most common symptoms involved in a reaction are itching and swelling around the mouth, lips, and eyelids, followed by difficulty breathing. Other symptoms include nausea and vomiting.

last thought

In conclusion, not all food allergens are the same and it’s important to know what allergens affect you. It’s also important to note that some people who suffer from food allergies can be susceptible to more than one type of allergy, which can make eating out difficult.

If you find that you’re susceptible to more than one type of allergy, you may want to bring a complete and detailed list of your allergies with you when eating out.

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